How is Beeswax made?

Updated: Sep 15

How do bees make beeswax and why do they do it?




What is Beeswax?


Beeswax is a natural wax produced by honey bees.


Most of the wax is produced by the young working bees and its made during growth phase of the colony, usually between months of April and June.


Bees use wax to construct the individual cells in the honeycomb in which new bees are born.


Beeswax is produced from a gland in the abdomen of honeybees and is excreted to create the hive itself.


The worker bees have 8 glands in their abdomens to produce the wax when it is time to build the honeycomb. The wax that is secreted hardens as soon as it hits the air and forms a wax scale.


The bee then uses its legs to move the wax from its abdomen to its mouth where it starts to chew on it, adding saliva softens it up.


For bees to create a perfect wax the ambient temperature in the hive must consist to be 33 to 36 °C (91 to 97 °F).


How do bees make Beeswax?


The production of beeswax is essential to the colony.


Bees secrete beeswax to build, repair, and recycle the combs that make up the hive. However, not all bees are creating beeswax.


There are 3 types of bees in the bee family: The Queen Bee, Drone and the Workers.


The queen reproduces with the help of the drone - or male bees. The workers are sterile female bees who maintain the hive.


Most of the wax is produced by the young working bees and its made during growth phase of the colony, usually between months of April and June.


Bees use wax to construct the individual cells in the honeycomb in which new bees are born.


Beeswax is produced from a gland in the abdomen of the Worker bees and is excreted to create the hive itself.


The worker bees have 8 glands in their abdomens to produce the wax when it is time to build the honeycomb. The wax that is secreted hardens as soon as it hits the air and forms a wax scale.


The bee then uses its legs to move the wax from its abdomen to its mouth where it starts to chew on it, adding saliva softens it up.


For bees to create a perfect wax the ambient temperature in the hive must consist to be 33 to 36 °C (91 to 97 °F).



Why is Beeswax harvested?

Beekeeper only gathers the excess beeswax produced by the bees.


Beekeepers harvest beeswax at the same time as they collect the honey. You can’t harvest honey without harvesting beeswax.


At a:musé, we work closely with a local Slovenian beekeepers.

Out local beekeepers only collect the honey and the wax that bees don't need anymore. Its like a house cleaning for them.


First, the beekeeper has to remove the wax cappings attached to the frame of his hive. While most of the honey will stay in the frame, some of it will come off with the wax capping. The beekeeper has to put the cappings in a bucket to separate the excess honey from the wax. Once the wax is drained, it can be melted and used.



At a:musé we source organic beeswax.


Knowing that its production is clean and sustainable is important for us, both for the bees and the environmental perspective.




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