Roles of bees in a hive

Updated: Sep 15

Every honeybee has a job to do in the hive.

Each of our hives each has about 50,000 bees. Each hive has one queen, and 100 female worker bees for every male drone bee.

Who is the Queen Bee?

She is one and only she controls the population of the hive, she is the mother of the hive, always female and always only one per hive.

The Queen is the largest of the bees in a colony, measuring around 2cm, which is about twice the length of a bee worker.

The Queen plays a vital role in the give because she is the only female with fully developed ovaries.

The queen’s two primary purposes are to produce chemical scents that help regulate the unity of the colony and to lay lots of eggs.

Her responsibility is the reproduce and lay 2000-3000 eggs per day in the honeycomb, one egg in each cell.

Her pheromones keep the rest of the colony working together and prevent the worker bees from laying eggs.

The average queen bee will live from 3 to 4 years.

The fertilized eggs which will become worker bees, are laid in the smaller cells as opposed to the unfertilized eggs which become drones(males).


Drones are the male bees of the colony.

Their only purpose is to mate with the queen.

The Drones don't work, don't make honey and they can't string.

Drones average life span is 1-2 months.

Worker bees' responsibilities

Worker bees are female but are not capable of reproducing. They do all the work in the hive, and they control most of what goes on inside. Their jobs include housekeeping, feeding the queen, drones and larvae, collecting the pollen and nectar, and making the wax.

The worker bee is just that - a bee that works. Depending on her age, she has many different roles in the hive.

When she is young, she will be a nurse bee. These bees nurture and feed bee larvae-the baby bees!

They fed larva (which will grow into the worker bees and drones) with royal jelly for 2-3 days and then switch to bee bread which is a mixture of pollen and honey.

Larvae gets around 1,300 meals per day!

They take on the job of processing incoming nectar, feeding the queen, as well as making and capping the honey, and build honeycombs with wax.

Older worker bees will leave the hive to collect the necessary resources from which the colony survives. They have a dangerous and tiring job, but work from the time the sun is up until sunset.

Worker bee average life span is 2-3 months.


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